Materials and Technology Development Scientist

Areas of Dr. Joshkin’s expertise are materials science and technology of thin film materials, technological and analytical equipment for electronics and materials science. Dr. Joshkin has worked in these fields for more than 25 years. He has academic and industrial experience in the design, fabrication and investigation of heterostructure materials, CVD and MBE technological systems, and analytical devices. He is experienced in thin film technology of diamond, carbide, nitride, arsenide, oxide, refractory metals and nanocomposite materials. He got his industrial experience working with Compact Particle Acceleration Corporation (spin-off of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Accuray) , Bruker AXS (former Siemens AXS), New Focus, Inc. and National Semiconductor Corporation. He worked with well-known scientific centers: University of Wisconsin-Madison, North Carolina State University and the USSR Academy of Science. Dr.Joshkin  received his Ph.D. degree in Materials Science from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia in 1994, and Master degree in Physics from the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia in 1983. He is author of more than 20 publications in scientific journals and 4 patents.



Coating Engineer, Surface Scientist

Dr. Mike Efremov received his doctoral degree in chemical kinetics from Moscow State University Chemistry Department in 1995. Dr Efremov has broad experience working in research centers including Moscow State University, University of Urbana – Champaign, NIST, University of Wisconsin – Madison. His background spans across science of thin coatings, micro- and nanoscale objects, physical chemistry, polymer science, computer science, and microelectronics. Several projects include the full cycle of research and development of instrumentation for materials characterization: thin-film calorimeters, vacuum tensiometer, ellipsometer for testing materials in special environments, etc. Dr. Efremov’s qualifications include extensive programming skills (low-level programming: assemblers for microcontrollers, instrumentation languages: LabVIEW, data processing: MatLab, Mathematica, LabTalk), characterization (ellipsometry, MEMS-based and traditional calorimetry, tensiometry, reflectometry, scanning electron microscopy, TGA, UV-Vis-NIR-IR spectrometry, AFM, etc.) and preparation techniques (X-ray and EUV exposure systems, PVD, sputtering, optical patterning, etc.).